The sikhs have two holy books for their guidance and revelation of their underlying beliefs and principles as laid down by the ten gurus. The 11th sikh guru granth sahib is the everlasting guru. Where and when was sikhism founded the 5 kswho was the founder of sikhism what is the sikh concept of godhow do sikhs worshipwhere sikhs worship and the gurdwarawho are the sikh guruswhat is the sikh holy book a sikh prayersikh womensikh clothinga sikhs story. The basis of sikhism is adi granth or the guru granth sahib. He rejected the caste system and the various ways humans divide themselves into.
Sikhism was founded in the punjab region in india in the 15th century by guru nanak dev. The sikh holy book in the sikh holy book, sri guru granth sahib, guru nanak says. Scriptures and scrolls were among the earliest of hand written books. Besides the basics, this chapter discusses what makes sikhism a distinct religion, and how it has been influenced by other religionsmost significantly hindu and islam, in that order. The 10th guru, gobind singh, declared that he would have no living successor, and this collection of teachings would.
Accept all humans as your equals, and let them be your only sect. The holy book of the sikh religion is the guru granth sahib. The sikhs worship only one god in his abstract form. It was called adi granth until guru gobind singh, the tenth and final guru in human form, conferred on it the title of the guru in 1708, after which it was called sri. This book is titled a very short introduction to sikhism yet manages to cover all of the main points about sikhism in an interesting and readable manner. The dasam granth is a composition primarily of the tenth guru, guru gobind singh.
A good life is lived as part of a community, by living honestly and caring for others. Sikhism simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The holy book of the sikhs is known as the guru granth sahib and it is considered as the eternal guru for all times after the tenth guru of the. Originally, the religion relied on the teaching of living gurus. It is a religion that has the sixth largest following in the world. The sikh scripture is a book called the guru granth sahib the tenth guru, guru gobind singh declared that there would be no other living gurus but instead sikhs could look to their holy scriptures for guidance, so the holy book became the guru teacher. The holy books in hinduism are there only for guidance. The glossary at the back is helpful, but could have been more helpful if it had included. A very short introduction very short introductions. The eleventh guru, the holy book is the centre of all sikh usage and ceremony. However, the holy books in hinduism are the basis on which we have evolved our culture and way of living. Sahib, an honorific signifying master or lord is the name by which the holy book of the sikhs is commonly known and is the living guru for the sikhs. A brief introduction to sikhism the blog for culture vultures satiate your inner culture vulture with regular news and posts about cultural awareness, doing business abroad, working in a multicultural environment, hr diversity and global mobility. Have sections of nonsikh religious writings to show inclusiveness.
Introduction to sikhism gateway to sikhism foundation. Guru ji, said the holy book will be the guru after him, no other human form guru will come. In the sikh holy book, sri guru granth sahib, guru nanak says. The book opens with the mul mantra basic prayer, which is a declaration of. Sikhs call it shri guru granth sahib ji answer to what is unique about guru granth sahib. The main teachings of the guru granth sahib is the love of humanity.
The guru granth sahib is used to guide the everyday. Sikhism preaches a message of devotion and remembrance of god at all times, truthful living, equality of mankind, social justice and denounces superstitions and blind rituals. What is the holy book of sikhism and why is it not so popular like. The sri guru granth sahib also known as adi granth is more than a holy book for the sikhs. The word sikh in the punjabi language means disciple, sikhs are the disciples of god who follow the writings and teachings of the ten sikh gurus. Also, anyone, regardless of their religious beliefs, can enter a gurdwara and pray. A prayer is said and the guru granth is put into sukhasan, or peaceful repose. Sikhs believe that guru nanak was the first humble bearer of this light of truth and the hymns he composed express the core beliefs of sikhism. Guru granth sahib is normally carried on the head and as a sign of respect, never touched with unwashed hands or put on the floor. Many sources call sikhism a monotheistic religion, however that understanding comes from viewing the faith through christian belief system.
The book teaches that outward rituals and indulgence. This article looks at sikh beliefs about god, karma, death and rebirth. The guru granth may be housed either in a public gurdwara or private home. Sikhs consider the granth to be a spiritual guide for mankind, and it plays a central role in guiding the sikhs way of life. Basics of sikhi is a sikh educational campaign using youtube, printed material and social media, funded and supported by everythings, a registered sikh education and humanitarian charity. The 5th guru compiled the earlier format of holy book sri guru granth sahib and sacrificed his life for humanity.
It includes lots of religionspecific terminology that is great to learn, but is clearly of punjabi origin. The book has a total of 1,430 pages and contains around 5,864 verses. Throughout his life, guru nanak emphasized that no person can be above any other person. Sikhism is one of the worlds youngest religions being founded just over 500 years ago. Sikhs consider the granth to be a spiritual guide for mankind, and it. The guru granth sahib is a collection of teachings and writings by guru nanak and other gurus as well as sikh, hindu and muslim saints. The hymns included range from the omnipresence of nature and basic day to day lessons. Introduction to sikhism by dr zakir naik sikhism is a nonsemitic, aryan, nonvedic religion. This website will provide you with an introduction to sikhism contents.
Despite its pacifist roots, sikhism has come to be known as militant, which is unfortunate because such militancy stems largely from geographical issues outside of sikh control. These hymns were written down and form the beginning of the sikh holy book which is called the siri guru granth sahib. As a result, sikhism advocates the same rights for all people and when the people visit the sikh temple known as gurdwara, they are treated equally. The tenth guru, guru gobind singh declared that there would be no other living gurus but instead sikhs could look to their holy scriptures for guidance, so the holy book became the guru teacher.
The followers of this religion believe that all human beings are equal regardless of their class or caste. Guru gobind singh also made it clear that, after him, the gurueternal for sikhs would be their holy scripture, guru granth sahib. Like other world religions, sikhism has a holy book believed to be the word of god, embodiment of truth, and eternal guru. The6th guru made army against the tyrant mughal rulers and won all the 4 wars against them. Sikhs cover their heads and remove their shoes while in the presence of this sacred scripture, their eternal living guru. To find out more about everythings, please visit the charity website.
The term which originates from byblos an ancient phoenician city which traded in papyrus used in producing a paper like substance for writing upon. The sikhs do not regard this as their holy book but. Nov 25, 2016 the holy book of sikhism is guru granth sahib. The sikh scripture or holy book is the guru granth sahib. Guru granth introduction to sikhisms holy scripture. The word sikh in the punjabi language means disciple, sikhs are the disciples of god who follow the. The book teaches that outward rituals and indulgence in the worldly pleasure only bring us pain.
First book the sacred scripture of sikhism, a religion of. Basic beliefs of sikhs, what is the holy book of the sikhs. The teachings of the sikh religion were passed down from guru to guru and then written down in a very special book, the guru granth sahib. Where and when was sikhism foundedthe 5 kswho was the founder of sikhismwhat is the sikh concept of godhow do sikhs worshipwhere sikhs worship and the gurdwarawho are the sikh guruswhat is the sikh holy booka. The basic philosophy of sikhism revolves mainly around three concepts. Sikhism is open to all through the teachings of its 10 gurus enshrined in the sikh holy book and living guru, sri guru granth sahib. The sikhs do not regard this as their holy book but as their perpetual and current guru, guide or master. He was tortured to death by mughal rulers who put hot water and sand on his body. Even kings and emperors, with mountains of property and oceans of wealth these are not even equal to an ant, who does not forget god. Sikhism broke from hinduism due, in part, to its rejection of the caste system. Sep 24, 2009 this article looks at sikh beliefs about god, karma, death and rebirth.
The sri gur granth sahib is the holy book for sikhs, as guru gobind singh. It was founded by guru nanak at the end of the 15th century. A soft light is kept on in the presence of the guru granth all night. The principal sikh scripture is the adi granth first scripture, more commonly called the guru granth sahib.
Aug 21, 2014 the sikh scripture or holy book is the guru granth sahib. Basics of sikhism it is the worlds youngest religion its founder was born in 1469. Sikhism is a faith whose followers are called sikhs. The sikh holy book and guru nanaks belief in equality. Naam, the name of god, shabad the word of god and sat sang, the company of the pious and the holy. It is the revealed word of the divine, and has writings directly from the sikh gu. This book contains all the prayers and hymns that were chanted by all the sikh gurus.
The sikh scripture is a book called the guru granth sahib. Hinduism is a compilation of many traditions and philosophies and is considered by many scholars to be the worlds oldest religion, dating back more than 4,000 years. Oct 19, 2018 did you know that sikhism s holy scripture is the everlasting guru of the sikhs. It continues to be the dominant religion of the punjab state of india.
The holy book of the sikhs is known as guru granth sahib. The word bible is derived from the greek word biblia meaning books. First book, the principal sacred text of sikhism contains hymns and poetry as well as the teachings of the first five gurus. Though one of the worlds youngest religions, sikhism too has a holy book of scripture compiled from various. A great strength is its contemporary feel, and its uptodate references ensure that it becomes more than just another book about religion. The adi granth, while not worshipped, is ascribed divine status. How was the sikhs holy book treated in the gurdwara answers. Guru granth sahib is given the greatest respect and honour. Sikhismintroduction wikibooks, open books for an open world. The sikh holy book, the adi granth, took his place as indicated by its alternate name, guru granth.
Sri guru granth sahib ji is the central religious scripture of sikhism, regarded by sikhs as the. The sikh holy book, the guru granth sahib ks2 religious. Did you know that sikhisms holy scripture is the everlasting guru of the sikhs. It is the holy book of the sikhs, consisting of a vast collection of hymns and sacred wisdom from several hindu scriptures and the writings of sikh gurus. An indian sikh devotee takes a holy bath in the sacred pond of the golden temple, sikh s holiest temple, during the birth anniversary of guru nanak, in amritsar, india, wednesday, nov. Sikhism is a monotheistic religion, or a religion that believes in one god. The sri gur granth sahib is the holy book for sikhs, as guru gobind singh teached us. It is a collection of teachings and writings by guru nanak and other gurus. It has all the rules of sikhism and it is deeply respected by the sikh community. The holy book contains writings of the sikh gurus, muslim fakirs and hindu saints. The adi granth, its first rendition, was compiled by the fifth sikh guru arjan dev. The 10th guru, gobind singh, declared that he would have no living successor, and this collection of teachings would become the ultimate guru for the sikh. Its founder guru nanak dev was born in a village called talwandi, now known as nankana sahib in pakistan, in 1469.
Sikhism is a monotheistic religion, and the basic sikh belief is represented in the phrase ik onkar meaning one god. The holy book contains writings of the sikh gurus, muslim fakirs and hindu. It was called adi granth until guru gobind singh, the tenth and final guru in human form, conferred on it the title of the guru in 1708, after which it was called sri guru granth sahib, or guru granth sahib for short. The followers are called sikhs, and their holy book is the guru granth sahib. However, this claim is first observed only much later, in texts attributed to the 17thcentury hariji, the. The religious scriptures are not followed word to word. Download the bible, the holy quran, the mahabharata and thousands of free pdf ebooks on buddhism, meditation etc. The sikh holy book, the guru granth sahib 1st level. Despite being so young, it is the fifth largest religion in the world with over 20 million followers. Sikhism was founded in the 15th century by guru nanak, who broke away from hinduism, indias dominant religion. Jan 31, 2014 an indian sikh devotee takes a holy bath in the sacred pond of the golden temple, sikh s holiest temple, during the birth anniversary of guru nanak, in amritsar, india, wednesday, nov.1250 1094 212 1427 853 131 1516 687 1547 623 1307 1336 594 936 749 1174 249 1216 730 1455 433 97 1190 156 96 1047 721 540 290 830 1335 1340 960 1275 632 1172 516 731 1128 717 1012