California passed the compassionate use act, which allowed for the use of medical marijuana. In this case, a california law legalizing marijuana for medical use was invalidated by a federal law which banned possession of marijuana. I also contend that the raich decision is misguided on both textual and structural grounds. The issue arose after the state of california passed the compassionate use act in 1996, legalizing the use of. Raich opinion of the court i california has been a pioneer in the regulation of marijuana. In 19, california was one of the first states to prohibit the sale and possession of marijuana,2 and at the end of the century, california became the first state to authorize limited use of the drug for medicinal purposes. Raich was legally permitted to use medical marijuana and proceeded to grow her own. Was the federal law a constitutional exercise of congresss power under the commerce clause. Supreme court upheld a federal statute used to regulate a wholly intrastate activitythe cultivation and use of medical marijuana by two california women. Facts angel raich, a california resident, grew marijuana for her personal. This was a case filed in the united states of america supreme court. Raich that enforcement of the federal controlled substances act 1970 against the intrastate noncommercial possession, production, and use of medical cannabis medical marijuana in compliance with a california state law was consistent with the commerce clause because such. Mar 20, 2017 following is the case brief for gonzales v. The respondents claimed that enforcing the csa against them would violate the commerce clause, the due process clause of the 5th amendment, and the ninth and.
Users and growers of marijuana for medical purposes under california compassionate use act sought declaration that controlled substances act csa was unconstitutional as applied to them. Raich, united states supreme court, 2005 case summary of gonzales v. Although the court found that the federal enforcement interests waned when compared to the harm that california residents would suffer if denied access to medically necessary marijuana, it concluded that respondents could not demonstrate a likelihood of success on the merits of their legal claims. Californias compassionate use act authorizes limited marijuana use for medicinal purposes.
The parties have not filed a status report or motion. Raich, the supreme court made a judgment that affected the california users of medical marijuana. Syllabus opinion stevens concurrence scalia dissent oconnor dissent thomas html version pdf version. Instead, raich s caregivers, john doe number one and john doe number two, cultivate it for her.
In this case the court considers whether the power to regulate interstate commerce allows congress to prohibit individuals from cultivating small amount of marijuana for personal medical use, notwithstanding a state law allowing it. Editors may also seek a reassessment of the decision if they believe there was a mistake. Raich represents a great leap backward in commerce clause doctrine and the jurisprudence of federalism. Ca passed compassionate use ct to ensure that seriously ill residents had access to medicinal marijuana. Raich, political scholars often question whether the rehnquist court was truly a federalist revival, or if federalism was just a means for achieving conservative policy young 2005. The federal statute was held to be a valid exercise of.
Raich 2004 summary this month we spotlight the landmark federalism case gonzalez v. Raich 2005in 2002, the federal government through the drug enforcement agency dea entered the property of angel raich and repossessed the medicinal marijuana of which she was legally in possession with regard to the statutes enacted by the state government of california. Raich was a good articles nominee, but did not meet the good article criteria at the time. Her physician diagnosed her as having a medical necessity to use medical cannabis, after numerous other treatments failed.
Raich legal information institute cornell university. Army corps of engineers actually do little or nothing to mitigate the impact of raich. There are suggestions below for improving the article. Raich, the court reasoned congress had the power under the commerce clause to regulate a. This note addresses the courts decision in gonzales v. Raich1 marks a watershed moment in the development of judicial federalism. Raich brought an action seeking injunctive and declaratory relief preventing enforcement of the federal comprehensive drug abuse. In 19, california was one of the first states to prohibit the sale and possession of marijuana,2 and at the end of the century, california became the first state.
Attorney general john ashcroft in the united states district court for the northern district of california, seeking to bar enforcement of the csa to the extent that it prohibited them from possessing, obtaining, or growing marijuana for their personal medical use. Raich 2005 in 2002, the federal government through the drug enforcement agency dea entered the property of angel raich and repossessed the medicinal marijuana of which she was legally in possession with regard to the statutes enacted by the state government of california. Respondents were growing medicinal marijuana, and dea agents came to their home and destroyed the plants. Raich case timeline federal law marijuana is treated like any other controlled substance part of interstate commerce government has power to control it getting to the supreme court state law to the world october 9, 2002 complaint filed 2 years until. Justice antonin scalia filed a concurring opinion in raich. Like raich, wickard involved all three commerce clause paradoxes. Editors may also seek a reassessment of the decision if.
Not joining the majority opinion in raich, justice scalia. Angel raich and diane monson, california residents who use medical marijuana, brought an action to enjoin the attorney general of the united states and the head of the dea seeking an injunctive. This new law directly conflicted with the csa controlled substances act, which banned. Under a law the federal controlled substance act, marijuana is a schedule one controlled substance, however under a 1996 state california law, marijuana is legalized for usage for people who have a prescription from a doctor for medical usage. They have joined this action as plaintiffs anonymously in order to protect raich s access to medical marijuana. Raich, 1 a case that addressed the constitutionality of the federal controlled substances act csa as applied to individuals who grow marijuana for personal and medical use under californias compassionate use act cua. Wickard stands for the proposition that congress can rationally combine the effects that an individual producer has on an interstate market to find. For those hoping for help from the supreme court, it appears unlikely. Nov 30, 2005 in 2005, the supreme court decided gonzales v. Raich case started her statement by citing come of the relevant issues that are related to the case. Through the controlled substances act, congress has comprehensively regulated the national market in drugs with the potential for abuse.
Syllabus strengthening law enforcement tools against international. It was expected that conservative justices rehnquist, thomas, and o. The history of medical marijuana and the commerce clause rory s. Miscellaneous justice sandra day oconnor who presented a dissent of the gonzales v. The new commerce clause jurisprudence encounters the lower courts, 55 ark. Jul 14, 2006 the supreme courts recent seemingly profederalism decisions in gonzales v. Raich severely undermined hopes that the court might enforce meaningful constitutional limits on congressional power.
In 1996, the compassionate use act was passed in california, legalizing the use of medical marijuana. Angel mcclary raich, 44, of oakland is the lead plaintiff in the raich case, and is the mother of two teenage children. The defendants were compliant with state laws when arrested, but guilty under federal dea laws at the time. Angel just spoke to a large crowd of media reporters and shes now on her way to another press conference put on by angel wings patient outreach, inc. In the aftermath of raich, some observers hoped and others feared that judicial limits on federal power might be resuscitated in gonzales v. Raich 2005 is a united states supreme court case that brought forth the question. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Since cannabis was first banned nationally in 1937, the federal government has never recognized a medical use. On june 6, 2005, the supreme court vacated our opinion and held that congresss commerce clause authority includes the power to prohibit purely intrastate cultivation and use of. The briefing schedule for this preliminary injunction appeal is set as follows.
Subsequently, the dea raided monsons house and destroyed some one her marijuana. Once these issues have been addressed, the article can be renominated. In his separate dissent, justice thomas pointedly observes, this court is willing neither to enforce limits on federal power, nor to declare the tenth amendment a dead letter. The hot dog vendor from the carol burnett show full sketch duration. The court found that respondents had demonstrated a strong likelihood of success on their claim that, as applied to them, the csa is an unconstitutional exercise. She had stated the action done by the commerce clause authority was related to the federalism issue among the states. Although their consumption was authorized under a california statute, the federal government, under the csa, confiscated the drugs. Constitution authorizes the federal government to enforce the controlled substances act despite. In this case the court considers whether the power to regulate interstate commerce allows congress to prohibit individuals from cultivating small amount of marijuana for personal medical.
Raich documents call 510 3380700 request case evaluation united states district court of the north district of california complaintoctober 09, 2002 declaration of angel mcclary raichoctober 25, 2002 plaintiffs memorandum of law in support of motion for preliminary injunctionoctober 29, 2002 declaration of frank henry lucido, m. Defendants defaulted on a loan agreement with the plaintiffs. Raich uses medical marijuana because she is very ill. Constitution authorizes the federal government to enforce the controlled substances act despite state laws legalizing medical marijuana use. A divided panel of the court of appeals for the ninth circuit reversed and ordered the district court to enter a preliminary injunction. Does congress have the power to regulate locally grown marijuana in pursuant to the interstate commerce clause of the constitution. Raich is unable to cultivate marijuana for her own use.
Nebraska and oklahoma are misreading raich the washington post. Angel mcclary raich after the united states supreme court hears her case no. On june 6, 2005, the united states supreme court decided gonzales v. The carol burnett show official recommended for you. Patients and petitioners grew and consumed marijuana for medicinal purposes. Similarly, the federal drug control agencies were merged. Raich, a case that pitted two sick women, who use medical cannabis, against the u. Dec 19, 2014 among other vices, it seriously misreads the supreme courts decision in gonzales v. In the 1990s after years of research showing that cannabis has a number of medical purposes, campaigners in california and a number of other states were able to pass laws allowing seriously ill patients to grow, and possess cannabis. Federalism as a casualty of the war on drugs ilya somin introduction the supreme courts recent decision in gonzales v. Raich, which i litigated on behalf of angel raich and diane monson from the filing of the complaint to the. Raich, decided in 2005, the court ruled that the commerce clause of the u.1429 1316 1094 1128 933 957 807 852 1004 1120 891 64 320 530 641 1427 1393 528 1119 398 1282 229 732 994 664 605 1448 844 882 978 724 1295 1281 396 787 1375 1373 492 1088 239 921 299 1311